1) The Present Continuous Tense consists of te present tense form o the verb ‘to be’ + verb + ‘ing’ (am/is/are + verb+ ‘ing’).
Present tense of ‘to be’
2) The Present Continuous Tense is used :
a) To show that an action is still going on at time of speaking.
Someone is knocking at the door. Can you see who it is?
The bus is leaving! Hurry! We can still catch it.
b) To describe a temporary activity.
The river is overflowing as the rain continues to pour heavily.
His condition is improving day by day.
c) For events in the future.
We are flying to Italy tomorrow.
I am walking to school from next week.
3) The Present Continuous Tense is formed in the following ways.
a) Adding ‘-ing’ to a verb without changing the spelling of the base verb.
Beat-beating catch-catching hurry-hurrying
b) If the verb ends with ‘-e’, replace the ‘-e’ with ‘-ing’.
Come-coming ride-riding use-using
c) If the verb ends with a single vowel + a single consonant, double the final consonant and add ‘-ing’.
Run-running get-getting sit-sitting
1) We __________ for Hong Kong tomorrow.
a) are leaving
b) are leave
c) are left
2) He __________ the horse to town.
a) are ride
b) is riding
c) is rides
3) I __________ for a new pair of shoes. What are you shopping for ?
c) is shopping
d) am shopping
4) The girls __________ now. Could you come back later, please?
c) is sleeping
d) are sleeping
5) It _________ heavily outside so we cannot go out now.
b) is raining
c) are raining
d) am raining
6) I __________ a book from the library tomorrow.
c) is borrowing
d) am borrowing
7) The train _________ the railway station now.
d) is leaving
8) My mother _________ a cake in the kitchen. Please hold on while I call her.
d) is baking
9) The lions ___________ a helpless deer.
c) is attacking
d) are attacking
10) They __________ happily now but only s few minutes ago they were arguing.
c) is laughing
d) are laughing