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Thursday, November 29, 2012

Simple Future Tense (B)

Tense : Simple Future Tense (B) 未来简单式 (B)

Formula : Verb to be + going to + verb in dictionary form (1st column of the verb list)



                 - I am going to
                 - He/ she/ it is going to
                 - We/ they/ you are going to
                Ex: am going to leave
                       is going to sing

Usage : -A future plan 未来的计划


Examples :
a) -I am going to eat pizza tomorrow. 明天我将会吃批萨。
b) -The girls are going to plant some tulips in the garden.

Keywords : -tomorrow
                    -next year
                    -next month
                    -10 years later
                    -next Wednesday


Wednesday, November 28, 2012

Simple Future Tense (A)

ense : Simple Future Tense (A) 未来简单式 (A)


Formula : Shall / will + verb in dictionary form (原形动词,没s、没ing、没ed
                
                 -I/ you/ we/ they/ he/ she/ it皆可用will,此现象已普及化。
                 -I/ we 于正式场合多用shall
                 -Ex: shall dance
                        will build


Usage :

a)  -A future plan 未来的计划
b) -Something happens in the future 未来会发生的事
c) -to offer help 说明自愿给与帮助


Examples :
a) - I will eat pizza tomorrow. 明天我将会吃批萨。
b) -If we keep cutting down trees, the animals will lose their habitats.
c) -We shall continue discussing this topic next week.
d) -I will prepare a light and tasty breakfast for you.
.

Keywords : -tomorrow
                    -next year
                    -next month
                    -10 years later
                    -next Wednesday

Sunday, November 25, 2012

Future Progressive Tense

Tense : Future Progressive Tense 未来进行式


Formula :  I / You / We / They/ He / She / It will be + present participle
               
                  Ex: will be cleaning
                        will be buying

Usage :
a) - An action which is going to happen at an exact time in the future (predicted or planned)
   在未来的某一时刻正在发生的事、正在持续进行的一个动作 (预测或已计划的)
b) -A future plan 未来的计划

Examples :
a) -I will be eating pizza at 7pm.
晚上七时我将会吃着批萨。(我和家人约好六点去吃批萨,通常会吃上两三个小时,所以我估计七点的时候我还吃着批萨)
b) Victor and Juliet will be going to Australia next autumn.


Saturday, November 24, 2012

Future Perfect Tense

Tense : Future Perfect Tense

Formula :  I / You / We / They/ He / She / It will have + past participle
                   Ex: will have married
                         will have forgiven

Usage :
- An action which has happened/ completed in the future.
未来的时刻里预测或计划好,刚刚完整发生的一件事、已经完成的一个动作。

Examples :
a) -I will have eaten pizza at 10pm.
晚上十时的时候,我已经吃了批萨。(如果那个时候你要打电话给我是没问题的,因为我已经吃好批萨了)

b) -At the time Natasha reach home, her puppy will have slept.
 

Wednesday, November 21, 2012

Future Perfect Progressive Tense

Tense : Future Perfect Progressive Tense

Formula :  I / You / We / They/ He / She / It will have been + present participle
                  Ex: will have been reading
                        will have been sewing


Usage :
-An action which has been happening for a period of time in the future and still continues happening at that time
一个在未来的时式中,持续发生着的一个动作,截至使用这个tense时尚未完成那个动作

Examples :
-I will have been eating pizza.
我将会还在吃着批萨。(我估计那个时候我还在吃着批萨,如果你来找我,可能会有点不方便,我还不知道自己会吃到几点)

Tuesday, November 20, 2012

Prepositions for Time


  1. on > Days of the week. eg: on Saturday
  2. in > months/seasons/ time of day/ year/ a certain period of time. eg: in December. in winter. in the afternoon. in 2011. in two hour.
  3. at > for night/ for weekend/ a certain point of time. eg: at night. at the weekend. at half past time.
  4. since > from a certain point of time till now. eg: since 2004.
  5. for > over a certain period of time till now. eg: for 5 years.
  6. ago > a certain time in the past. eg: 3 years ago.
  7. before > earlier than a certain point of time. eg: before 2010.
  8. to > telling the time. eg: fifteen to one. (12:45)
  9. past > telling the time. eg: half past one. (1:30)
  10. to/ till/ untill > marking the beginning and end of a period of time. eg: from Friday to/till Sunday.
  11. by > in the sense of at the latest up to a certain time. eg: I will be back by 10pm tonight.

Sunday, November 18, 2012

Simple Present Tense

Tense : Simple Present Tense 现在简单式

Formula : I / You / We / They –verb no “s” , He / She / It –verb with “s”
                 Ex: learn-learns
                       go-goes
                       study-studies

Usage : a) Daily habits (things we do every day) 习惯性动作、日常生活活动
              b) An actual fact 事实

Examples : a) -I eat pizza every day. 我每天吃批萨。
                    b) -We always play tennis on Tuesdays.
                    c) -Birds fly in the sky.
                    d) -A butterfly has six legs.

Keywords : -Every day
                    -Always
                    -Usually
                    -Often
                    -Sometimes
                    -Seldom
                    -Rarely
                    -Never

Saturday, November 17, 2012

Present Progressive Tense

Tense : Present Progressive Tense 现在进行式

Formula : verb to be (am/ is are) + present participle (2nd column of the verb list)
                 I am
                 He / She / It is           
                 You / We / They are
                 Ex: am/ is/ are eating
                       am/ is/ are sitting
Usage :

a)  An action which is happening now 正在发生的事、正在持续进行中的一个动作

b)  to describe certain repeated actions that are irritating 用以形容惹人厌烦的某些重复性动作。

Examples : a) I am eating pizza. 我正在吃着批萨。
                  b) They are talking on the phone now.
                  c) Jason is studying for his tests.
                  d) The naughty boy is always disturbing others.
Keywords : -Now
                    -At this moment
                    *always在此属特殊关键用词

Friday, November 16, 2012

Present Perfect Tense

Tense : Present Perfect Tense 现在完成式

Formula : verb to have (have/ has) + past participle (4th column of the verb list)
                 I / You / We / They have
                 He / She / It has
                 Ex: have/ has eaten
                       have/ has done

Usage : -An action which has happened/ completed 已经完整发生的一件事、已经完成的一个动作、刚刚发生。

Examples : a) -I have eaten pizza. 我已经吃了批萨。(我吃饱、抹好嘴巴后就说这句话)
                    b) -Nathalie has baked a cheese cake.
                    c) -The pupils have already done their homework.

Keywords : -already

Thursday, November 15, 2012

Present Perfect Progressive Tense

Tense : Present Perfect Progressive Tense 现在完成进行式

Formula : verb to have + been + present participle
                  Ex: have/ has been doing
                        have/ has been writing


Usage :

-An action which has been happening for a period of time and still continues happening
 
一个从刚才到现在还在持续发生着的一个动作,截至使用这个tense时尚未完成那个动作

Examples :
a) -I have been eating pizza since 3 o’clock.
我从三点钟开始吃批萨(到现在我还一直吃,而且还未停,还不知道会吃到几点)


b)-He has been listening to music for five hours.

Keywords : -since
                     -for

Tuesday, November 13, 2012

Simple Past Tense

Tense :

Simple Past Tense 过去简单式


Formula : Past Tense Verb (3rd column of the verb list)
                   Ex: played
                         drank
                         slept


Usage : -An past action 一个过去的动作

Examples : a) - I ate pizza last night. 我昨晚吃批萨。
                      b) -Peter drove to Penang yesterday.

Keywords : -yesterday
                    -last week
                    -last month
                    -just now

Monday, November 12, 2012

Past Progressive Tense

Tense : Past Progressive Tense 过去进行式

Formula : verb to be (was / were) + present participle (2nd column of the verb list)
                  I / He / She / It was          
                 You / We / They were
                 Ex: was/ were holding
                       was/ were reading

Usage : a) -An action which is happening at an exact time in the past
         在过去的某一时刻正在发生的事、正在持续进行的一个动作


       b)-An action which is happening habitually in the past
                   过去重复性发生的动作

Examples :
a) -I was eating pizza at that time. 那个时候我正在吃着批萨。
b) -The family was having their dinner at a restaurant along the highway.
c) -They were playing pianos when the phone rang.
d) -The guy was always boasting about his painting.


Keywords : -at that time
                   -at that moment
                   *always在此属特殊关键用词


Saturday, November 10, 2012

Past Perfect Tense

Tense : Past Perfect Tense 过去完成式

Formula : -verb to have (had) + past participle (4th column of the verb list)
                 
                   I / You / We / They/ He / She / It had
                  Ex: had forgotten
                        had bought

Usage :  -An action which has happened/ completed in the past
       在过去的时刻里刚刚完整发生的一件事、已经完成的一个动作。

Examples : a) -I had already eaten pizza.
                       我已经吃了批萨。(昨天你刚到家的时候,我已经吃了批萨)


                    b) -When I reached the railway station, the train had left.

Keywords : -already

Friday, November 9, 2012

Verb List (Irregular and Regular Verbs)

Before that we had learn the concept verb tenses of Simple Present, Past, Present Progressive and Past Participle. Is it very hard to learn the verb of Present Progressive and Past Participle?

Here is a Verb List (Irregular and Regular Verbs) that i had build. Thanks very much to my colleague, Miss How Yen Yeng, English teacher of my school to complete the verb list below.


No.
Simple Present
现在式

Present Progressive
现在分词
Simple Past
过去式
Past Participle
过去分词
1
Abide遵守(规则)

abiding
abided/ abode
abided/ abode
2
Allow允许

allowing
allowed
allowed
3
Arise引起、发生

arising
arose
arisen
4
Awake弄醒

awaking
awoke
awoken
5
Beat

beating
beat
beaten
6
Become成为

becoming
became
become
7
Begin开始

beginning
began
begun
8
Bend弄弯曲

bending
bent
bent
9
Bet打赌

betting
bet
bet
10
Bite

biting
bit
bitten
11
Blow

blowing
blew
blown
12
Break坏、断

breaking
broke
broken
13
Bring

bringing
brought
brought
14
Broadcast广播

broadcasting
broadcast
broadcast
15
Build

building
built
built
16
Burn

burning
burned/ burnt
burned/ burnt
17
Buy

buying
bought
bought
18
Catch

catching
caught
caught
19
Choose

choosing
chose
chosen
20
Come

coming
came
come