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Sunday, October 21, 2012

Unit 2: Singular and Plural Nouns


1)    Nouns can be either singular or plural. A singular noun refers to one person or thing. A plural noun refers to more than one person or thing.
2)    A plural form is formed by adding ‘-s’ at the end of the word. Sometimes, a plural noun can be formed by adding ‘-es’ at the end of the word.
Examples :
(a)  Plural nouns formed by adding ‘-s’ at the end of the word.

Singular
Plural
boy
boys
chief
chiefs
door
doors
dwarf
dwarfs
piano
pianos
river
rivers
roof
roofs
ship
ships


(b)  Plural nouns formed by adding ‘-es’ at the end of the word.

Singular
Plural
glass
glasses
watch
watches
box
boxes
echo
echoes


3)    For some nouns that end with ‘-f’ or ‘-fe’, their plurals are formed by changing ‘-f’ into ‘-v’ and then adding ‘-es’ or ‘-s’ (if there is already an ‘-e’ in the main word).



Examples:

Singular
Plural
Singular
Plural
Singular
Plural
leaf
leaves
knife
knives
thief
thieves


4) For some nouns that end with ‘-y’ after a consonant, their plurals are formed by changing ‘-y’ into ‘-i’ and adding ‘-es’. (Plural nouns that end with ‘-y’ after a vowel are formed by adding ‘-s’ at the end of the word.)

Examples:

Singular
Plural
Singular
Plural
Singular
Plural
army
armies
city
cities
tray
trays




Exercise
Choose the correct answer.


1) The _______________went back to the shed after grazing in the field.
a) cow
b) cows
c) cowes
d) cowed


2) Look at the ________________! They are pretty swaying in the wind.
a) daisy
b) daisi
c) daisys
d) daisies
3) There is a _____________living at the edge of the farm.
a) fox
b) foxes
c) foxies
d) foxed



4) She bought a few pairs of _____________at the new shopping centre.
a) shoe
b) shoes
c) shoed
d) shoees


5) He tied the ____________into a bundle and carried it home.
a) bamboo
b) bamboos
c) bambooes
d) bambooses


6) I have many faulty _____________at home.
a) radio
b) radios
c) radioes
d) radioed


7) The ______________ she tells are very funny. I enjoy listening to them.
a) storys
b) stores
c) stories
d)storeys


8) The shop is selling second-hand ___________at a bargain price.
a) piano
b) pianos
c) pianos
d) pianoses


9) _________________have eight legs.
a) Spederies
b) Spideress
c) Spideres
d) Spiders


10) These _____________have not been washed. Could you wash them.
a) glass
b) glasses
c) glassed
d) glassess

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